is it called a Republic?
During the Spanish regime, two significant revolts
occurred in Bohol. One was the Tamblot Uprising in 1621 led by
a native priest or babaylan. The other was the Dagohoy Rebellion,
considered as the longest uprising recorded in the annals of Philippine
history, led by one Francisco Dagohoy from 1744 lasting until
the year 1829.
After the United States defeated Spain in the Spanish-American
War, the U.S. bought the entire Philippine islands. However, under
the newly proclaimed independent government established by Gen.
Emilio Aguinaldo, which was not recognized by the US, Bohol was
governed as a Gobierno de Canton.
During the resulting Philippine-American War, American troops
under Maj. Henry Hale landed in Tagbilaran and took over the island.
The residents of the island tried to put up an organized resistance
starting in September 1900. American troops retaliated by burning
20 of Bohol's 35 municipal towns and killing hundreds of people
and livestock. Bohol surrendered to the Americans on December
23, 1900. A peace treaty was signed in the convent of Dimiao,
and peace was restored.
On March 10, 1917, the Americans made Bohol a separate province
under Act 2711 (which also established most of the other Philippine
The Japanese Imperial Army landed in Tagbilaran on May 17, 1942.
Boholanos struggled unsuccessfully to provide resistance against
the Japanese forces. Bohol was later liberated by American troops
on April 11.
Bohol had a long history of uprisings, throughout the Spanish,
American, and Japanese regime. They have long envisioned Bohol
as it's own republic, independent of it's own national government.
Bohol is also the home province of the fourth President
of the Republic of the Philippines, Carlos Polistico Garcia (1957-1960)
who was born in the municipality of Talibon.